Physical therapy education varies greatly from country to country. Worldwide, physical therapy training ranges from basic work site education in hospitals and outpatient clinics to a professional doctoral degree and master's programs.
In India, universities offer diploma, bachelor’s, master's, and Ph.D. in Physiotherapy. the diploma course is usually three years and the enrollment has reduced since the introduction of a Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (BPT) in the early 1990s in India. Most students with a diploma have opted for lateral entry to the Bachelor program.
Bachelor in Physiotherapy (BPT) is a 4 and half year undergraduate program in physiotherapy with 6 months of the mandatory clinical internship; that is typically rotator. They have almost similar subjects like PT graduation course in developed countries and can practice either independently or multidiscipline. However, due to the lack of the National Council, the syllabus of BPT varies from state to state in the country.
After the graduation Physiotherapist (PTs) could go for further specialization in Cardiovascular & pulmonary physiotherapy, Community Physiotherapy, Neurology, Musculoskeletal, Hands, Sports, Obs-Gynaecology, or undertake Research.
PTs in India use the title ‘Doctor’ and prefix it before their name with a suffix P.T. (Physiotherapist) so as to make their stand clear they are not medical doctors. However, the use of the title ‘Dr’ according to the IAP (Indian Association of Physiotherapist) is by tradition and convention and is used in the same manner as it is used by the MBBS/MS/BDS/MDS/BHMS/BAMS/BNYS/BUMS degree holders. PTs argue that they are not breaching any law prevailing in India as legally only one who has earned a degree in MD/DM or Ph.D. is justified to use and prefix the ‘Doctor’ title.